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Fennel is both an herb and a spice. All parts of fennel plant are edible like the roots, stalks and leaves with the spice coming from dried seeds. A native to the Mediterranean, fennel is an ancient and common plant known to ancient Greeks. It spread throughout Europe via Rome. It is also grown in South Africa, Australia and South America.

Fennel is a dried ripe fruit of a perennial aromatic herbaceous plant, which grows in mild climates. It is approximately 1/4 to 1/2 inches long and has a green food colour. They are oblong, elliptical, straight and slightly curved with prominent ridges. It smells and tastes like amise with slight note of camphor. It has long been used in South Africa and China for its medicinal value and is used as a multi-purpose spice in food, medicines, liquors and perfume. It is also exported in the form of seeds, powder and volatile oil.
Single Strength Specification:

General characteristics:
Fennel seeds shall:
Be the dried ripe fruits of the plant botanically known as Feoniculum vulgare MILL;
Be free from visible mould, live insects, any harmful foreign matter and musty odour;
Generally conform to the characteristic size, shape, colour, taste and aroma of the variety / type.
Specification for Fennel Seeds (HS CODE: 09095011) :

PARAMETERS                      VALUE

Type:                                    Kanpuri/Singapore/Europe

Purity:                                   97% / 98% / 99%

Total Ash                             10% Max

Acid insoluble Ash                   1.25% Max

Flavor                                   Aromatic sweet

Moisture                               10-11 % max

Salmonella                             Absent/25 gms

Type of Bags     Quantity
P. P. Bag     55.12 lb / 25 kg or 110.23 lb / 50 kg
Jute Bag     110.23 lb / 50 kg

Type of Container     Quantity
20 Feet     12 -13 Metric Ton